Women in Anzac
The involvement of Australian women in each war is closely connected to their role in society at different times, and the nature of each war. Many women were also actively involved as nurses and in other active service duties, and contributed more actively to war efforts through military service. Other Australian women were also closely connected with war though male relatives and friends away on military service. In world war 2, women were actively recruited into jobs that had always been the preserve of men; they worked in factories and shipyards, as members of the womens land army and as official war Artists. On the home front, women dealt with the consequences of warmanaging children and family responsibilities alone, shortages of resources, as well as their fears for the future , and the grief and trauma of losing loved ones. Australia has been involved in a number of wars including the Boer war (1899-1902), world war 1 (1914-1918), world war 2 (1939-1945), the Korean war (1950-1953), The Vietnam war (1962-1972) and the Gulf war (1990-1991).
Nancy Grace Augusta Wake AC, GM served as a British special operation executive agent during the later part of world war 2. From April 1944 until the liberation of France, her 7,000+ maquisards fought 22,000 SS soldiers, causing 1,400 casualties, while suffering only 100 themselves. By 1943, Wake was the Gestapos most wanted person, with a 5 million-Franc price on her head. After reaching Britain, Wake joined the special operations Executive.
Women in action-nurses and serving women
For centuries women have been involved in every kind of war and conflict imaginable, especially have dealt face-to-face with war-the sick, the wounded and the dead. They have served in Australia, in war zones across the world and on hospital ships and transports. More recent conflicts have seen the gender based boundaries traditionally seen in wartime blur. These days, these are few jobs within Australians armed services that are not open to women. Female soldiers, sailors and airwomen are now commonplace. And while women still fulfil traditional roles of administrators and nurses, it is not unusual to see male nurses and female doctors working together on military missions , such as when the Australian military provided support to victims of the December 2004 tsunami in Indonesia.
Australian nursing services
The involvement of Australian women as nurses in war began in 1898 with the formation of the Australian nursing service of New South Whales, from which sixty nurses served in the Boer war. In 1900, in her long skirts and stays, Matron Nellie Gould volunteered for the Boer war as superintendent of a contingent of NSW nurses. The service was incorporated into the newly formed Australian Army nursing service reserve (AANS) in 1902.